- Lawyers, Guns and Money looks at the surprisingly exciting British elections. What will come of them?
- The LRB Blog considers the question of the underlying motivations of pollsters.
- Marginal Revolution's Tyler Cowen reshares an old column noting the destabilizing effects of Trump on American alliances.
- The Planetary Society Blog looks at India's new heavy-lift rocket, the GSLV-MK3.
- Torontoist looks at the City of Toronto's response to the overdose crisis.
- Towleroad notes that the Japanese city of Sapporo has recognized same-sex relationships.
- The Volokh Conspiracy argues that the constitutionality of Trump's edicts should not be defined by their being issued by Trump.
- Window on Eurasia argues that Russian policy towards Ukraine since 1991 has been marked by consistent disinterest in Ukraine going its own way.
- Centauri Dreams looks at the SPECULOOS red dwarf observation program.
- The Crux examines VX nerve agent, the chemical apparently used to assassinate the half-brother of North Korea's ruler.
- Dangerous Minds shares photos of the inhabitants of the Tokyo night, like gangsters and prostitutes and drag queens.
- Lawyers, Guns and Money examines Donald Trump's tepid and belated denunciation of anti-Semitism.
- Language Log looks at the story of the Wenzhounese, a Chinese group notable for its diaspora in Italy.
- The LRB Blog looks at the by-elections in the British ridings of Stoke and Copeland and notes the problems of labour.
- The Map Room Blog shares a post-Brexit map of the European Union with an independent Scotland.
- Marginal Revolution reports that a border tax would be a poor idea for the United States and Mexico.
- The NYRB Daily looks at the art of the medieval Tibetan kingdom of Guge.
- Otto Pohl notes the 73rd anniversary of Stalin's deportation of the Chechens and the Ingush.
- Supernova Condensate points out that Venus is actually the most Earth-like planet we know of. Why do we not explore it more?
- Towleroad notes Depeche Mode's denunciation of the alt-right and Richard Spencer.
- Whatever's John Scalzi considers the question of feeling empathy for horrible people.
- Window on Eurasia notes the thousands of Russian citizens involved with ISIS and examines the militarization of Kaliningrad.
- blogTO notes the Distillery District's Toronto Light Festival.
- Border Thinking Laura Agustín looks at migrants and refugees in James Ellroy's The Black Dahlia.
- Centauri Dreams suggests that Perry's expedition to Japan could be taken as a metaphor for first contact.
- The Dragon's Gaze links to a report about how brown dwarf EPIC 219388192 b.
- The LRB Blog notes the use of torture as a technique of intimidation.
- Marginal Revolution looks at China's very heavy investment in Laos.
- The NYRB Daily examines violence and the surprising lack thereof in El Salvador.
- Personal Reflections' Jim Belshaw touches on the controversies surrounding Australia Day.
- Transit Toronto reports the sentencing of some people who attacked TTC officers.
- Window on Eurasia argues that a Putin running out of resources needs to make a deal.
At Daily Xtra, Michael Lyons writes about some astonishingly popular homoerotic published for the masses in 17th century Japan, looking at the plot and looking at the import of these stories' popularity.
Funny that same-sex love, at least male homosexuality, was once not only celebrated, but a cultural pastime. Published in 1687, Nanshoku ōkagami, or The Great Mirror of Male Love, was a book of 40 short stories by Ihara Saikaku.
This was at the height of the Tokugawa period when merchant classes, while still considered lower social status than farmers, were enjoying greater wealth that gave them access to prostitutes, urban pleasure quarters, art and popular fiction — the four were often interlinked.
To these chōnin, “townsmen,” the assumption was that romantic and sexual love was to be found outside of the institution of marriage. By this point in Japan’s history, monastic and samurai traditions of age-based hierarchal relationships legitimized homosexuality, so a culturally legitimized “cult of sexual connoisseurship” developed around adolescent boys without any stigma.
The latter half of Saikaku’s collection focuses on relationships with men and young kabuki actors, but it’s the samurai tales that interest me, one in particular, called “Implicated By His Diamond Crest.” The love story starts with Shimamura Daiemon, a 27-year-old samurai, renowned weaponist and engineer; a masterless samurai devoted to his family.
Daiemon attends a firefly viewing party near the outskirts of town near a statue of Buddha said to be carved by Kūkai (posthumously known as Kōbō-Daishi), the founder of Japanese Buddhism — rumoured to be the man who brought homosexuality to Japan — where he anonymously foils an intrigue, saving the reputation of a young samurai named Haruta Tannosuke.
- Anthropology.net looks at the genetics of how the Inuit have adapted to cold weather.
- 'Nathan Smith's Apostrophen shares the author's plans for the coming year.
- Beyond the Beyond's Bruce Sterling shares Margaret Atwood's commitment to fighting for freedom of expression.
- Crooked Timber asks its readers for recommendations in Anglophone science fiction.
- D-Brief notes the discovery of the human mesentery.
- The Dragon's Gaze looks at the protoplanetary disk of LkCa 15 disk.
- Far Outliers looks at some lobsters imported to Japan from (a) Christmas Island.
- Joe. My. God. notes Janet Jackson has given birth.
- Language Hat examines the contrast often made between indigenous and immigrant languages.
- Language Log looks at the names of the stations of the Haifa subway.
- Steve Munro notes Bathurst Station's goodbye to Honest Ed's.
- The Planetary Society Blog examines the Dawn probe's discoveries at Ceres in the past year.
- Window on Eurasia looks at how the permafrost of the Russian far north is melting and endangering entire cities, and contrasts the prosperity of the Estonian city of Narva relative to the decay of adjacent Ivangorod.
- Apostrophen's 'Nathan Smith writes about Christmas cards and memory.
- blogTO notes the impending expansion of the Drake Hotel.
- The Broadside Blog describes a documentary, The Eagle Huntress, about a Mongolian teenage girl who becomes a hunter using eagles, that sounds spectacular.
- Crooked Timber asks readers to help a teenager who has been arrested by the LAPD.
- Dangerous Minds notes some weird monsters from Japanese folklore.
- The Dragon's Tales suggests that the Hellas basin hides the remnants of its ocean.
- Lawyers, Guns and Money notes the finding that Russia was trying to get Trump elected.
- The Volokh Conspiracy considers the issue of hate speech and immigration.
- Window on Eurasia quotes a former Ukrainian president who argues Russia does not want to restore the Soviet Union so much as it wants to dominate others.
- The Yorkshire Ranter notes how the Daily Telegraph is recommending its readers use tax shelters.
- Arnold Zwicky looks at the language of side-eye and stink-eye.
The opinions expressed by Akie Abe, wife of the Japanese premier, in a Bloomberg article by Isabel Reynolds and Emi Nobuhiro, strike me as eminently plausible. If women are forced to be cute and not allowed to be competent, of course their presences will be limited.
Japan’s women are being held back by pressure from men to be cute, rather than capable, the wife of Japan’s prime minister said in an interview.
"Men’s thinking has not changed," 54-year-old Akie Abe said last week when asked how society’s attitude to women has evolved since she joined the workforce in her twenties. "Japanese men tend to prefer cute women over capable and hardworking women. So women try to appear to be the type that men like. Even very talented women put on cutesy ways."
While many more women now continue working after marriage and children, "big companies are a man’s world," she said. "Some things have changed and others haven’t."
Akie said she supports her husband Shinzo Abe’s efforts to have women play a more active role in society. The premier has championed a goal of having at least 30 percent of management roles in all fields filled by women, in a bid to make up for the labor shortage caused by Japan’s aging and shrinking population. The country is making slow progress toward those targets -- a government survey published last year found 8.3 percent of those in section chief or higher positions in business were female, compared with 7.5 percent the year before.
"My feeling is that women don’t necessarily want to work in the same way as men, such as thinking it’s good to be promoted. There is now an effort to change the way people work, working efficiently within a given time rather than late at night, so that women’s viewpoints can be reflected in a way they haven’t been in the past," she said.
Bloomberg View's Michael Schuman argues that Trump's proposed economic policies, including intensive government management of private businesses, risks pushing the United States into a version of Japan's lost decades.
Factory workers should be cheering. Donald Trump, actually living up to a campaign promise, has been badgering corporate America to keep manufacturing jobs at home. On Thursday, Trump announced that Carrier Corp. will maintain about 1,000 jobs in Indiana rather than shift them to Mexico. He has prodded Apple Inc. to build plants at home rather than outsource to China. And he has taken credit (dubiously) for rescuing a Ford Motor Co. factory in Kentucky.
Many of you are probably saying: Hey, why haven't we done this sort of thing all along? Finally, we've got a tough guy in the White House who can stop those fat cats from moving our jobs overseas!
The problem is that Trump's bullying will undermine the rule of law -- and ultimately prove detrimental to the U.S. economy. We know this because he's far from the first government official to try such meddling. In Japan, bureaucrats were once famous for it. And the results there should serve as a warning.
During Japan's high-growth decades, its bureaucrats interfered in the economy in ways big and small. One of their favorite methods was to issue missives known as "administrative guidance." Such directives usually had no force of law, and they weren't proper regulations. The bureaucrats were trying to control business decisions in areas where they lacked formal authority. Companies very often abided by this guidance anyway, however, because if they didn't, they knew the bureaucrats could find some way of punishing them -- for instance, by blocking necessary raw materials or withholding a critical permit.
Japan's bureaucrats believed, much as Trump seems to now, that their actions protected the greater interests of the nation by controlling the self-serving motivations of individual firms. And when Japan was booming, they won kudos from analysts who saw their economic stewardship as a key factor in the country's success. Some even advocated that the U.S. emulate their state economic management to become more competitive.
But administrative guidance soon became part of a wider system of government interference that ultimately proved Japan's undoing. In effect, the practice created two sets of books -- one official, one unofficial. Since the latter was informal, firms had no real recourse to challenge it. That allowed bureaucrats to wield ever more influence. They sometimes employed their guidance to circumvent market forces -- for instance, to form production cartels or impede foreign companies, which limited competition and protected weak firms. Even consumers complained that the web spun by the bureaucracy was hiking the cost of living to exorbitant levels.
- blogTO shares photos of Toronto streets in the 1960s, cluttered by signage.
- Crooked Timber and the LRB Blog respond to the death of Fidel Castro.
- Far Outliers looks at the exploitative but functional British treatment of servants.
- Language Hat notes the insensitivity of machine translation and examines the evolution of the Spanish language.
- Lawyers, Guns and Money advocates for an energized public response to racist displays in Trump's America.
- The Map Room Blog looks at a controversial Brexit art exhibition.
- Marginal Revolution notes a pay by the minute coffee shop in Brooklyn.
- The NYRB Daily shares images of Hokusai.
- The Planetary Society Blog shares beautiful space photos.
- Window on Eurasia notes how terror famines were used to russify peripheral areas of the Soviet Union, reports on strengthening religion among younger Daghestanis, and suggests there will be larger Russian deployments in Belarus.
Russia Beyond the Headlines' Gleb Fedorov notes that Russia remains strongly opposed to any talk of shared sovereignty with Japan over any of the Kuril islands.
Valery Kistanov, Japan expert from the Institute for Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Science, believes that the Nikkei article “was a deliberate leak” to test Russia’s reaction to this idea.
”Nikkei, a mouthpiece of Japan's business lobby, would not publish an article based on rumors,” Kistanov said. “I do not rule out the fact that this idea may have been discussed behind closed doors."
Dmitry Streltsov, an expert in Japan studies from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), says the leak “may be aimed at publicly creating an illusion of the possibility of ‘jointly governed territories,’ which could be seen as a step forward for Japan.”
Former Russian Ambassador to Japan Alexander Panov, who is believed to have a certain degree of influence on Russia's foreign policy towards Japan told RBTH, that Moscow and Tokyo seem to have agreed to resolve the dispute in a step-by-step manner.
"Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga claimed that this (joint administration) was not part of a plan that Tokyo conveyed to Moscow,” Panov told RBTH. “What exactly was conveyed is not known.”
- The Boston Globe's Big Picture shares photos of Massachusetts' Mattapan trolley.
- Centauri Dreams looks at Planet Nine's effects and examines the weather of Titan.
- Both The Dragon's Tales and the Planetary Society Weblog react to the loss of the Schiaparelli lander.
- The Dragon's Gaze looks for brown dwarf exoplanets.
- Personal Reflections' Jim Belshaw reports on the sheer scale of the Australian real estate boom.
- Window on Eurasia notes the beginning of an antiwar movement among Russian Orthodox faithful.
- Arnold Zwicky shares a photo of a flowering tree in a Kyoto garden.
The Daily Herald carried Ana Swanson's Washington Post article looking at the economics of immigrant food in the United States. I'm sure similar phenomena apply in Canada.
Eric Zhou grew up in China's Fujian province watching his father, an accomplished chef, whip up banquets of intricate Chinese dishes. But when Zhou moved to the United States and started working in a Chinese restaurant, he saw that his native cuisine was mostly considered cheap in this country, confined to greasy takeout counters and $7.95 lunch buffets.
So Zhou edged his way into a much more lucrative industry: Japanese food. Years later, he owns four Japanese and Asian fusion restaurants in the Washington area. With Chinese food, he says, "the price in America is too low. Japanese restaurants don't have this problem. To us, it's more suitable. It's a better life."
Zhou, 44, has joined thousands of other Chinese immigrants in the United States in seeking a leg up the economic ladder through Japanese food. From Ames, Iowa, to Lancaster, Pa., Chinese Americans have opened many of the sushi joints that dot suburban malls and city blocks across the country. It's the result of what experts describe as a striking convergence between U.S. ethnic-food preferences and the economic pressures facing a new wave of Chinese immigrants, whose population in the United States has tripled in the past 25 years.
Which cuisines sell well and which do not may seem a combination of chance and cultural tastes. But the outsize role of Chinese Americans in the Japanese food business, according to academics who have studied it, sheds light on deeper forces. The influx of low-wage Chinese immigrants -- China recently eclipsed Mexico as the largest source of immigrants to the United States -- has created fierce competition to provide cheap food. At the same time, Japan's wealth and economic success helped its cuisine gain a reputation as trendy and refined. So for many entrepreneurial Chinese immigrants looking to get ahead, Japanese food has often become the better opportunity.
"Chinese entrepreneurs have figured out that this is a way to make a slightly better living and get out of the ... world of $10, $5 food at the bottom end of the market," says Krishnendu Ray, who leads New York University's food studies program.
- The Broadside Blog's Caitlin Kelly talks about the process of journalism.
- Crooked Timber features a confusing critique of Clinton from the left.
- The Dragon's Tales notes the presence of Roman coins and at least one Persian mathematician in ancient Japan.
- Joe. My. God. notes that the Republican Party has halted preparation for a Trump victory.
- Language Hat reports on a poetic new classification system for the history of English.
- Lawyers, Guns and Money reports on one improbable defender of Trump.
- The New APPS Blog studies North Carolina as a subject for an academic boycott.
- Torontoist reviews the Nuit Blanche just past.
- Window on Eurasia argues that the West is weak in relationship to Russia.
Bloomberg's Chikako Mogi and Yuki Hagiwara describe how the Hokkaido coal town of Yubari is trying to downside.
A sleepy, former coal-mining town in northern Japan is taking unprecedented measures to combat its biggest challenge: a devastating shrinking of its population. Its success could decide the future for hundreds of other local governments waging the same battle for survival.
Since its peak in the post-war economic boom of the 1960s, the population of Yubari, a little more than an hour’s drive east of Sapporo on Japan’s northern island of Hokkaido, has declined by more than 90 percent to just 9,000 as older residents died and young people moved away to bigger cities. Ten years ago, it became Japan’s first municipality to declare bankruptcy.
To keep from becoming a so-called ghost town—when a city ceases to function due to a precipitous decline in population and is ultimately abandoned—Yubari embarked on a drastic experiment. City officials began merging schools, slashing government jobs and salaries, halting funds for public swimming pools, toilets and parks, curtailing services such as bus routes and snow removal, and downgrading the local hospital to a clinic. The most drastic measure has been the forced relocation of hundreds of residents from public housing on the city’s outskirts to blocks of new, low-rise apartments closer to the city center.
“Yubari can potentially lead the example of a real-time compact city,” said Yoshio Kurihara, senior researcher at Mitsui Global Strategic Studies Institute in Tokyo, who called Yubari’s experiment an “extremely important” model for Japan. “Successful results from the city’s trial can be applied on a nationwide scale.”
- Bad Astronomy's Phil Plait evaluates the doability of Elon Musk's proposal for colonizing Mars.
- blogTO notes that Casa Loma will be transformed into a haunted house for the month of October.
- The Dragon's Tales notes NASA's belief that Europa almost certainly has watery plumes.
- False Steps shares an early American proposal for a lunar base.
- Far Outliers notes the location of multiple massacres in Chinese military history.
- Joe. My. God. notes that a far-right group is unhappy Alabama judge Roy Moore has been suspended.
- The Map Room Blog notes the acquisition of a British-era map of Detroit.
- Marginal Revolution speculates as to whether a country's VAT promotes exports.
- The Planetary Society Blog notes the end of the Rosetta space probe.
- The Russian Demographics Blog charts increases in maximum life expectancy over time.
- Seriously Science notes a paper arguing that small talk diminishes happiness.
- Towleroad reports on a gay Cameroonian asylum seeker in the United Kingdom at risk of deportation.
- The Volokh Conspiracy notes Instapundit's departure from Twitter without noting why Reynolds is leaving.
- Window on Eurasia reports on the complexities surrounding the possibility of another Finno-Ugric festival.
- At Apostrophen, 'Nathan Smith describes his experience at the CAN•CON conference in Ottawa.
- The Dragon's Gaze links to a paper speculating about the consequences of observing a large extraterrestrial civilization.
- Far Outliers notes how Chinese soldiers in 1937 Shanghai did not want to take prisoners.
- The Frailest Thing's Michael Sacasas considers the idea of distraction in relationship to high technology.
- Lawyers, Guns and Money considers the overlooked food workers who were victims of 9/11.
- Savage Minds links to a variety of anthropologically-themed links.
- Seriously Science notes that houses in rich neighbourhoods contain more diverse insect populations than houses in poor neighbourhoods.
- Strange Maps looks at Proxima Centauri b and considers the idea of an "eyeball Earth".
- Transit Toronto notes plans for construction at Queen and Dufferin.
- Dangerous Minds notes a remarkable Japanese magazine featuring photos of rock stars from the 1970s and 1980s.
- Joe. My. God. notes the death of drag legend Lady Chablis.
- Marginal Revolution notes the exceptional skepticism of some with the idea of a guaranteed minimum income in Kenya.
- The NYRB Daily interviews Chinese documentary filmmaker Ai Xiaoming, who despairs for the future of civil society in her country.
- The Power and the Money's Noel Maurer contrasts race and politics in the states of Alabama and Mississippi.
- Registan notes the orderly succession of power in post-Karimov Uzbekistan.
- Torontoist notes that the TTC can be a nightmare for women.
- Centauri Dreams considers Juno's photos of Jupiter's poles.
- The Dragon's Gaze notes the discovery of another star that behaves much like mysterious Tabby's Star.
- Far Outliers reports on the good reputation of the Chinese forces at Shanghai in 1937.
- Joe. My. God. notes a Christian site that claims gay sex is not sex.
- Language Hat reports on the problems of translating Elena Ferrante.
- Lawyers, Guns and Money and Noel Maurer are unimpressed by Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson.
- The New APPS Blog writes against faculty lock-outs.
- Personal Reflections' Jim Belshaw describes the Parers, a Catalan-Australian family.
- Window on Eurasia notes Ukraine's recognition of the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation, reports on how Russians resent Ukrainian refugees, and suggests the Russian economic crisis is finally hitting Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Bloomberg's article suggests a compromise such as desired by the Japanese, with a transfer of sovereignty over one or more of the islands, is not in the offing.
Russian President Vladimir Putin struck a conciliatory tone before talks with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on a territorial dispute that’s prevented the countries from signing a World War II peace treaty.
Resolving the conflict over four islands occupied by the Soviet Union in the final days of the war should be part of “setting the stage for the development of inter-governmental relations for the long term,” Putin said in an interview on Thursday as he prepared to meet with Abe at the Eastern Economic Forum in Russia’s Pacific port city of Vladivostok on Friday.
“We’re not talking about some exchange or some sale,” Putin said. “We are talking about finding a solution where neither of the parties would feel defeated or a loser.”
The two leaders, especially Abe, seem keen to show that momentum is building toward a settlement on the island spat. Abe said after the talks that he and Putin had a deep discussion about a peace treaty and that he has a good feeling about making progress with a new approach, according to the Kyodo news service. They’ll meet at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Peru in November and will continue talks when Putin visits Abe’s home prefecture of Yamaguchi in southern Japan on Dec. 15, Kyodo reported.
- Beyond the Beyond notes some anti-drone activists' efforts to get drones controlled.
- blogTO reports on the history of the strip mall in Toronto, looks at the abandoned Whitney Block Tower by Queen's Park, and reports from the attic of Queen's Park.
- Discover's Body Horrors notes the possibility that global warming might lead to the reemergence of anthrax from the Siberian wastes.
- The Dragon's Gaze notes the discovery of exocometary gas in the debris ring of HD 181327.
- Far Outliers notes the brutality in the Japanese naval academy and reassesses Admiral Yamamoto.
- Noel Power at The Power and the Money looks at inequality in American history, after Piketty's arguments.
- Peter Rukavina reports on an interesting art installation in Charlottetown, of floating tents.
- Savage Minds describes the "silo effect" besetting organizations.
- Torontoist reports on the first game of cricket in Toronto.